By Gary E. Gilley
The fastest growing
segment of professing Christianity today is the Word-Faith Movement, also known
as the Positive
Confession or simply "Faith" movement. Its growth is at least
partially due to the massive amounts of money the leaders are able to extract
from the faithful. This influx of cash allows for huge buildings and extensive
ministries, and more importantly, wide exposure on television, which translates
into numerical growth. Not only do many Word-Faith preachers broadcast their
services and campaigns, but Word-Faith adherents, Paul and Jan Crouch, own the
largest Christian-based television network in the world. The Trinity
Broadcasting Network (TBN), founded by the Crouches, with an estimated net worth
of approximately $600 million dollars, is capable of televising the Faith
message (as well as many other errant messages) all over the world.
personalities within the movement include Kenneth
Copeland, Robert Tilton (who is staging a come-back), Paul
Yonggi Cho, Benny
Hinn, Marilyn Hickey, Frederick K.C. Price, John Avanzini, Charles Capps,
Jerry Savelle, Morris Cerullo and of course, Paul and Jan Crouch.
Faith Is a Force
As is implied by the title "Word-Faith," the supporters of this movement believe that faith works like a mighty power or force. Through faith, we can obtain anything we want -- health, wealth, success, whatever. However, this force is only released through the spoken word. As we speak the words of faith, power is discharged to accomplish our desires. Hagin's theme, as found in his booklet How to Write Your Own Ticket with God, can be summarized as follows (Christianity in Crisis, pp. 74-75):
In the opening chapter, titled "Jesus Appears to Me," Hagin claims that while he "was in the Spirit" -- just like the apostle John on the Isle of Patmos -- a white cloud enveloped him and he began to speak in tongues. "Then the Lord Jesus Himself appeared to me," says Hagin. "He stood within three feet of me." After what sounded like a casual conversation about such things as finances, ministry, and even current affairs, Jesus told Hagin to get a pencil and a piece of paper. He then instructed him to "Write down: 1,2,3,4." Jesus then allegedly told Hagin "if anybody, anywhere, will take these four steps or put these four principles into operation, he will always receive whatever he wants from Me or from God the Father." That includes whatever you want financially. The formula is simply: "Say it, Do it, Receive it, and Tell it."
1. Step number one is "Say it." "Positive or negative, it is up to the individual. According to what the individual says, that shall he receive."
2. Step number two is "Do it." "Your action defeats you or puts you over. According to your action, you receive or you are kept from receiving."
3. Step number three is "Receive it." We are to plug into the "powerhouse of heaven." "Faith is the plug, praise God! Just plug in."
4. Step number four is "Tell it so others may believe." This final step might be considered the Faith movement's outreach program.
Kenneth Copeland states the faith formula this way: "All it takes is 1) Seeing or visualizing whatever you need, whether physical or financial; 2) Staking your claim on Scripture; and 3) Speaking it into existence" (Christianity in Crisis, p. 80).
Paul Yonggi Cho, borrowing from the occult, has developed what he calls the "Law of Incubation." Here is how it works: "First make a clear-cut goal, then draw a mental picture, vivid and graphic, to visualize success. Then incubate it into reality, and finally speak it into existence through the creative power of the spoken word" (Christianity in Crisis, pp. 83-84).
If a positive confession of faith releases power, then according to Word-Faith, a negative confession can actually backfire. Capps says the tongue "can kill you, or it can release the life of God within you." This is so because, "Faith is a seed … you plant it by speaking it." There is power in "the evil fourth dimension" says Cho. Hagin informs us that if you confess sickness you get sickness, if you confess health you get health, whatever you say you get. "This spoken word … releases power -- power for good or power for evil," is the commonly held view of the movement. It is easy to see why the title "Positive Confession" is often applied to this group.
As one might guess,
the teachings of the Faith movement are very attractive to some. If we can
produce whatever our hearts desire by simply demanding what we want by faith, if
we can manipulate the universe and perhaps even God, then we have our own
personal genie just waiting to fulfill our wishes. Frederick K.C. Price wastes
no words when he writes:
"Now this is a shocker! But God has to be given permission to work
in this earth realm on behalf of man. … Yes! You are in control! So if man has
control, who no longer has it? God. ... When God gave Adam dominion, that meant
God no longer had dominion. So, God cannot do anything on this earth unless we
let Him or give Him permission through prayer" (Prayer: Do You Know What
Prayer Is. ... and How to Pray? The Word Study Bible, p. 1178).
This is certainly a theology that would appeal to the masses, and thus accounts for the Faith movement's popularity.
Faith teachers like
to teach, based upon serious mishandling of passages such as John 10:31-39 and
II Peter 1:4, that Christians are "little gods." Copeland
says, "Now Peter said by exceeding great and precious promises you become
partakers of the divine nature. All right, are we gods? We are a class of
gods!" (Christianity in Crisis, p. 116). Benny
Hinn declares, "God came from heaven, became a man, made man into
little gods, went back to heaven as a man" (Christianity in Crisis,
p. 382 n. 43). Earl Paulk wrote, "Until we comprehend that we are little
gods and we begin to act like little gods, we cannot manifest the kingdom of
God" (Satan Unmasked, p. 97).
While man is
glorified, God is humiliated in the Faith system. Copeland claims that God is a
being who stands about 6'2"-6'3", weighing somewhere in the
neighborhood of a couple of hundred pounds, and has a hand span of 9"
across (Christianity in Crisis, p. 121). Copeland also declares
"Adam was the copy, looked just like (God). If you stood Adam beside God,
they looked just exactly alike. If you stood Jesus and Adam side-by-side, they
would look and sound exactly alike" (Christianity in Crisis, p.
Many of the
Word-Faith teachers also embrace a heresy known as Tritheism, which in essence
teaches that there are really three separate Gods. Hinn, under supposed
"Man, I feel revelation knowledge already coming on me here. Holy Spirit, take over in the name of Jesus. ... God the Father, ladies and gentlemen, is a person; and He is a triune being by Himself separate from the Son and the Holy Ghost. Say, what did you say? Hear it, hear it, hear it. See, God the Father is a person, God the Son is a person, God the Holy Ghost is a person. But each one of them is a triune being by Himself. If I can shock you -- and maybe I should -- there's nine of them. Huh, what did you say? Let me explain: God the Father, ladies and gentlemen, is a person with his own personal spirit, with his own personal soul, and his own personal spirit-body. You say, Huh, I never heard that. Well you think you're in this church to hear things you've heard for the last 50 years? You can't argue with the Word, can you? It's all in the Word (Christianity in Crisis, p. 123-124).
Hinn, under fire, later retracted his remarks, only to reaffirm them two years later.
told Copeland, "They crucified me for claiming that I was God. But I didn't
claim I was God; I just claimed I walked with Him and that he was in me" (Christianity
in Crisis, p. 137-138). Many of the Faith heresies concerning God can be
traced to the notes found in Dake's Annotated Reference Bible.
of the Cross
Four atonement-related errors on the part of the Faith teachers can be documented:
1) Christ was re-created on the cross from divine to demonic. To put it in Faith vernacular, Jesus took on the very nature of Satan himself.
2) Your redemption was not secured on the cross, but in hell. In fact, many Faith teachers claim that Christ's torture by all the demons of hell was a "ransom" God paid to Satan so that He could get back into a universe from which He had been banished.
3) Jesus was reborn (or born again) in the very pit of hell.
4) Christ was reincarnated through His rebirth in hell and that those who (like Christ) are born again can become "incarnated" as well.
teachers take Christ, the spotless Lamb, and pervert Him into an unholy
sacrifice on the cross (Christianity In Crisis, p.153).
While many, even
within the Word-Faith churches, are unaware of some of the doctrinal heresies of
the movement, none can plead ignorant of the strange and bizarre practices and
emphasis of its leaders. The following things are standard occurrences in
virtually every one of their television broadcasts, evangelistic campaigns, and
Nothing will create
more euphoria in the average person than the promise to make them wealthy, and
this the Word-Faith leadership knows very well. The Word-Faith teacher's
lifestyle is clearly identified by opulence, luxury, riches, and the assurance
that all of this can be his followers as well -- if only they apply certain
Robert Tilton is
normative. On a Trinity Broadcasting Network program in 1990 he said:
"Being poor is a sin, when God promises prosperity. New house? New
car? That's chicken feed. That's nothing compared to what God wants to do for
you" (Charismatic Chaos, p. 285).
Fred Price on a
similar broadcast explains how it works:
"If you've got one dollar faith and you ask for a ten-thousand dollar item, it ain't going to work. It won't work. Jesus said, 'According to your [faith],' not according to God's will for you, in His own good time, if it's according to His will, if He can work it into his busy schedule. He said, 'According to your faith, be it unto you'" (Charismatic Chaos, p. 286).
Of course, the road
to prosperity somehow always leads to the offering plate of the Word-Faith
Movement. Gloria Copeland (Kenneth's wife) pulls no punches in her book God's
Will Is Prosperity:
"Give $10 and receive $1000; Give $1000 and receive $100,000 … give one house and receive one hundred houses or a house worth one hundred times as much. Give one airplane and receive one hundred times the value of the airplane. … In short, Mark 10:30 is a very good deal" (p. 54).
A Health Gospel
"name-it-and-claim-it" pundits are not content with mere wealth; they
want to feel well enough to enjoy their prosperity. So do most of their
listeners. So while you are giving away wealth, why not dispense health as well?
teachers, as is true of many other charismatics, believe that Christ provided
for physical healing at the cross. As a result, not only are Christians saved
from sin, they are promised a life of health. Kenneth Copeland writes in
Healed … to Be or Not to Be:
"The first step to spiritual maturity is to realize your position before God. You are a child of God and a joint-heir with Jesus. Consequently, you are entitled to all the rights and privileges in the kingdom of God, and one of their rights is health and healing" (p. 25).
But, if healing is
part of the atonement, why do Christians get sick? Lack of faith, as Benny Hinn
"The Bible declares that the work was done 2,000 years ago. God is
not going to heal you now -- he healed you 2,000 years ago. All you have to do
today is receive your healing by faith" (Rise and Be Healed, p. 44).
Of course reality,
in the form of sickness, has to be faced even by the Word-Faith leaders. Fred
Price may proclaim "we don't allow sickness in our home," but his wife
still has cancer. Kenneth Hagin brags that he has not had a headache, the flu,
or even "one sick day" in nearly 60 years, but he has had four
cardiovascular crises. Paul Crouch may have healed Oral Roberts of chest pains
on a TBN Broadcast, but it didn't stop Oral from having a heart attack a few
hours later (Christianity in Crisis, pp. 237-238). How are these things
explained away? Predictably, by blaming them on the devil. Sickness in the
Word-Faith camp is usually seen as satanic attacks that must be repelled by
words of faith (i.e., "positive confession").
The faith leaders
make some amazing claims. Hagin, for example, has visited (so he says) both
heaven and hell as well as had out-of-body experiences (Christianity in
Crisis, p. 334). He has had many visits from Jesus and angels. He boasts of
the ability to heal, cast our demons, and levitate people (p. 336). Hinn opens
his best selling book with these words:
"It was three days before Christmas 1973. The sun was still rising on that cold, misty Toronto morning. Suddenly He was there. The Holy Spirit entered my room. He was as real to me that morning as the book you are holding in your hand is to you. For the next eight hours I had an incredible experience with the Holy Spirit. It changed the course of my life (Rise and Be Healed, p. 1).
Hinn speaks of
frequent personal visits from the Lord, the first being at age eleven:
"I saw Jesus walk into my bedroom. He was wearing a robe that was whiter than white and a deep red mantle was draped over the robe. I saw his hair. I looked into His eyes. I saw the nailprints in His hands. I saw everything. ... When it happened, I was asleep, but suddenly my little body was caught up in an incredible sensation that can only be described as 'electric.' It felt as if someone had plugged me into a wired socket. There was a numbness that felt like needles -- a million of them -- rushing through my body. And then the Lord stood before me while I was in a deep, deep sleep. He looked straight at me with the most beautiful eyes. He smiled, and His arms were open wide. I could feel His presence. It was marvelous and I'll never forget it" (Rise and Be Healed, p. 22).
When Hinn describes
his conversion, he does not mention the cross, repentance, or faith; rather, it
is all couched in terms of experience:
"What I really felt, though, was that this surge of power was cleansing me -- instantly, from the inside out. I felt absolutely clean, immaculate, and pure. Suddenly I saw Jesus with my own eyes. It happened in a moment of time. There he was. Jesus" (Rise and Be Healed, p. 31).
Hinn claims power
of a supernatural nature often emanates from his body:
"Once, my mother was cleaning the hallway while I was in my room talking with the Holy Spirit. When I came out, she was thrown right back. Something had knocked her against the wall. I said, 'What's wrong with you, Mama?' She answered, 'I don't know?' Well, the presence of the Lord almost knocked her down" (Rise and Be Healed, p. 42).
Both the appeal of
the book and its dangers are evident in this quote:
"Are you ready to meet the
Holy Spirit intimately and personally? Do you want to hear His voice? Are you
prepared to know him as a person? That's exactly what happened to me, and
it drastically transformed my life. It was an intensely personal experience, and
it was based on God's Word. You may ask, 'Was it the result of a systematic
Bible study?' No, it happened when I invited the Holy Spirit to be my personal
friend. To be my constant guide. To take me by the hand and lead me 'into all
truth.' What He will uncover and reveal to you in Scripture will make your study
of the Bible come alive" (Rise and Be Healed, p. 48).
Both the Word-Faith
leaders and their followers make the same mistake of basing their lives on
experiences and feelings rather than upon the inspired Word of God.
Hagin is considered the father of Word-Faith. He has a syndicated radio show
carried by about 250 radio stations; a Bible School (Rhema Bible Training
Center) with 12,000 graduates from 1974-1992; a magazine with 400,000
subscribers; and has sold millions of books and other publications.
Copeland is the heir-apparent to the Faith throne (although Benny Hinn has
moved in to challenge). Copeland's empire spans the globe with similar
ministries as Hagin.
Hinn was pastor of Orlando Christian Center in Orlando, Florida. (He
recently moved his ministry to Dallas.) Hinn reaches the world through
evangelistic campaigns, television, and literature. His book Good Morning
Holy Spirit was the best selling Christian book in 1991, selling a quarter
of a million copies in only three months. He is perhaps best known as a
"Faith-Healer" in the traditions of Kathryn Kuhlman (his idol) and
Oral Roberts. His "ability" to "slay in the Spirit" large
groups of people at once (by blowing on them or waving his arm their direction)
has brought him considerable notoriety.
Price, the most prominent of black Word-Faith preachers, pastors the
16,000-member Crenshaw Christian Center, and has his own television show.
best-known fundraiser among the Word-Faith leaders. He has said, "A greater
than a lottery has come. His name is Jesus!"
perfected the Christian infomercial through his "Success-N-Life"
is (except for Gloria Copeland and perhaps Jan Crouch) the best-known woman in
the movement. She teaches people to speak to their wallets and checkbooks in
order that their wealth may increase.
Yonggi Cho is the pastor of the 700,000 Full Gospel Yoido Church in South
Korea. Cho, who often speaks at Robert Schuller Conferences on church growth
(along with Bill Hybels), is perhaps the closest link to the occult. He teaches
a concept called the "Fourth Dimension." The first three dimensions
are physical and are controlled by the fourth, which is the spiritual. Cho
teaches that Christians can get anything they want by calling upon the spirit
world in the Fourth Dimension and visualizing what they want. When a person
(Christian or unsaved) follows the proper formula of positive thinking, speaking
and visualizing, they "incubate" and eventually give birth to their
desires. These techniques are the same used in his occult-infested country. Cho
is aware of this fact, but believes what works for "them" will work
for "us" -- so use it.
* This report has been excerpted and or adapted from an article ("The Word of Faith Movement") in the April 1999, Think on These Things, Southern View Chapel, Springfield, IL, Gary Gilley, Pastor.