Have you ever wondered about the origin of the universe? Did it start with a
whimper or a big bang? How old is the universe? Is it eternal or was it created
out of nothing by nothing? And for good measure, how old is the planet on which
Questions such as these are valid and demand careful attention because they provide important solutions to the great riddle of life. What is important is that these questions should be approached with an open mind instead of a predetermined judgment. We should follow the evidence wherever it leads.
Since the present popular evolutionary position is that the universe is 15 to 25 billion years old, we should check the evidence to see if this position is true. The following is a brief and partial list of some "puzzling" scientific facts which indicate the universe and the earth is not billions of years old. The evidence indicates that we should think in terms of thousands of years instead of billions of years.
I. The Top Soil Factor
It takes around a thousand years to produce one inch of top soil by the forces of erosion such as wind and rain. If the earth is billions of years old and the process by which top soil is created has been functioning all the time (i.e., uniformitarianism) there should be a thick layer of top soil on the earth's crust. But there is only an average depth of six to nine inches of top soil on the earth! This amount can only explain thousands of years of erosion. Where is the top soil created by billions of years of erosion? Where did it go?
II. The Ocean's Floor
Perhaps the vast amount of top soil created by billions of years of erosion has simply washed into the ocean and can be found in sedimentary deposits on its floor. If the earth is billions of years old and the erosion rate has been steady and of such a degree to explain where all the top soil went, the sediment at the bottom of the ocean should be miles deep. But the sediment on the ocean floor only has a 0.56 mile average thickness! This depth can only explain thousands of years and cannot represent billions of years of erosion. Where is the sediment created by billions of years of erosion. Where did it go?
III. Meteor Dust
When meteors collide with the earth's atmosphere they disintegrate into dust which settles on the earth's surface. Given the present rate at which meteor dust is settling on the earth, if the earth is billions of years old there should be at least fifty-four feet of meteor dust on the surface of the planet. Since the depths of top soil and ocean sediment do not contain billions of years of meteor dust, what happened to this dust? Where did it go?
IV. The Helium Factor
As radioactive materials disintegrate, helium is released as a by-product into the atmosphere. Given the present rate at which helium is released into the atmosphere, if the earth is billions of years old, there should be enough helium in the atmosphere to make us all talk like Donald Duck. There is only enough helium in the atmosphere to explain thousands of years. Where did the helium produced by billions of years go?
V. The Salty Sea
Given the present rate at which salt and other materials are being washed into the ocean, if the earth is billions of years old, what should be the concentration of salt in the earth's oceans? There is only enough salt in the ocean to explain thousands of years of erosion. The concentration of such minerals as nickel as well as salt in the earth's oceans would be many times greater if the earth were billions of years old. Where has all the billions of years of salt and other minerals gone?
VI. The Earth's Magnetic Field
The scientific evidence clearly indicates that the earth's magnetic field is decaying. With an understanding of the second law of Thermodynamics, this should be expected. Given the present rate of decay, if the earth were billions of years old, the earth's magnetic field would have passed into nonexistence long ago. If the earth is billions of years old, why does it still have a magnetic field?
VII. Moon Dust
The vehicles prepared for landing on the moon were equipped with special snow shoes because it was assumed that if the moon was billions of years old there should be an incredibly thick layer of dust on the moon created by such things as meteor impact. They discovered only one-fourth of an inch of dust on the moon! This amount of dust can account for only thousands of years. If the moon is billions of years old, where did all the dust accumulated during this time go?
VIII. The Shrinking Sun
The sun is shrinking as its energy is flung into the galaxy. Given the present rate of shrinkage, if the sun is billions of years old, it should have disappeared by now. Or, if the sun is billions of years old, in order for it to have shrunk down to the size it is now, it would have been at the beginning so big that it would have engulfed the space now occupied by most of the planets in this galaxy. If this is true, then where did the planets come from?
IX. Active Volcanoes
Since the earth's moon is a dead world with no active volcanoes, it was assumed that this meant that the moon was billions of years old. It was also assumed that no moons would have active volcanoes. The evidence is now clear that at least one of the moons of Jupiter has active volcanoes. Does not this fact indicate that the assumption of the necessity of billions of years of the age of the universe is erroneous? As a matter of fact, if the universe is billions of years old, why and how should any planet or moon have active volcanoes?
X. The Rings of Saturn
If the universe is billions of years old, we must assume that the rings of Saturn are of this age. Given the rate of orbital and structural decay, if the rings of Saturn are billions of years old, they should have collapsed and blurred into one vast confusion. Yet the rings are so distinct that over a thousand of them can be counted and some of them look as if they were braided by twisting around each other. Given the laws of physics, the rings must be viewed as young and not old. If the rings are billions of years old, why are they clear and distinct?
These are ten puzzling scientific facts which will lead any open-minded person to the conclusion that the universe is a lot younger than billions of years old. We should not let the religious prejudice of the evolutionists force us to accept their doctrines by a blind leap of faith when the scientific evidence does not correspond to their theories.
"The age of our globe is presently thought to be some 4.5 billion years, based on radio decay rates of uranium and thorium. Such 'confirmation' may be short-lived, as nature is not to be discovered quite so easily. There has been in recent years the horrible realization that radio decay rates are not as constant as previously thought, nor are they immune to environmental influences. And this could mean that the atomic clocks are reset during some global disaster, and events which brought the Mesozoic to a close may not be 65 million years ago but, rather, within the age and memory of man (Frederic B. Jueneman, FAIC, "Secular Catastrophism," Industrial Research and Development, June 1982, p. 21).
"Evolution is a fairy tale for grown-ups. This theory has helped nothing in the progress of science, It is useless" [Prof. Louis Bounoure (Former President of the Biological Society of Strasbourg and Director of the Strasbourg Zoological Museum, later Director of Research at the French National Centre of Scientific Research), as quoted in The Advocate, Thursday, March 8, 1984, p. 17].
*This material has been excerpted from a July 1992 pamphlet ("Just How Old Is The Universe?: Some Puzzling Scientific Facts") from the Research & Education Foundation (P.O. Box 141455, Austin, TX 78714). For a more complete discussion, obtain a copy of The Illustrated Origins Answer Book by Paul S. Taylor (Films for Christ).